Ten-plus-two Education: Unanimous Decision of SEE Graduates

Tentatively, a two-third majority of SEE appeared students unanimously get enrolled in plus-two-course in Nepal. As many as 485,586 students, including 452,781 under regular, 24,071 under exempted, and 8,734 under technical categories appeared in the Secondary Education Examinations (SEE) held from 10th- 21st of Chaitra 2075. The National Examinations Board (NEB) had prepared distinctive question sets for each province for SEE appearing students. Despite a few cases of forgery and leakage of questions in province-02, the SEE examinations-2075 concluded in a decent way.

As well as pursuing different short-term courses such as singing, dancing, basic computer courses, graphic designing, most SEE appeared students are taking a bridge course which allows them to explore multiple gateways to figure out their right faculty and subjects in ten-plus-two level.

However, the selection of the right college, faculty, and specialized subject has never been easy due to many reasons. Most students seem to be ushered to dilemmatic limbo while taking up plus two studies because of various course choices available in front of them. In such a case, having a wealth of choices can be dangerous if those college seekers do not heed righteous suggestions from good counselors, parents, and peers. Some SEE graduates are led by their own intuition, and some are forced by their parents to take up a challenging course for the benefits of such parents. In fact, students should be sagacious enough to measure their own strengths before pursuing any faculty and look into the course that will give them a depth of knowledge in their sought subject choices. There are myriads colleges in Kathmandu and beyond the capital which have made positive impacts on collegians and are academically prodigious in imparting excellent education that has become the fountainhead of academic attainments of most students. The colleges situated on the outskirts of every populous place are more successful than the centrally located with state-of-the-art infrastructures. 

Previously known as 10+2 or +2 course, which is now termed as Grade XI and XII, is a high school course. Now, the education system in Nepal has been categorized into three levels: Basic Education (Grade One to Eight), Secondary Education (Grade Nine to Twelve), and Higher Education (Bachelor to post-graduate). 

After introducing plus two courses as secondary education, a number of queries have been raised for the formation of the courses and curricula. But National Examinations Board (NEB) has not been able to prepare and introduce its final draft of curricula to the public.
According to the NEB, they are going to use the same curricula and syllabi in grades eleven and twelve which every high school has been using. These courses are of two years that facilitate students to experience a transition from school to university education which builds a stronger level of skill and maturity that they lack in school years for ten years. 

Faculty and course selection after leaving school is a difficult task. It decides on each career pursuer’s path and future. The process of course selections is directly related to one’s successes and failures in the future. In addition, the selection of wrong courses may create demoralization or even worse situation for the students. And the choice of right college, faculty, and subjects is integrated with one’s future endeavors. This process may sound facile, but it should involve a deluge of insights, discussions, and research.  So, every college hopeful needs to figure out the different types of subjects, and in most cases, should think further about career choices. One should never assume that s/he knows about a subject at a higher level because they have practiced it before. This could be true if students are passionate about their subject choices, they will become diligent to achieve their goals. So, it is advised everyone should acquire ample information before choosing the faculty or courses.

More than two hundred NEB associate colleges in Kathmandu offer an array of courses vis-à-vis Science, Management, and Humanities which have ensured a wealth of course choices for college enrollees. Choosing any subject areas under stressful environments will eventually impede the pathway to a promising career. Some subject areas are really tough to decide on, carry on, and more than that to obtain rewarding marks. This could be true assiduous students with rigorous adherence to study will be able to overcome all kinds of drawbacks in the competitive curriculum courses. Before embarking on any faculty of studies, the college seekers should be wise enough to discern the course ramifications that will lead them to the height of their employability on completing such courses. 

The National Examinations Board has endorsed four multi-disciplinary aspects of learning in Ten Plus Two program: Science, Management, Humanities, and Education, which are being offered with a variety of subject choices. Unlike other courses like CBSE, IB, A-Level, Nursing, and Technical Programs, 10+2 program of NEB is very reasonable and affordable to the students. Upon completing one of these programs most graduates have been successful in showing outstanding performance in their higher courses in Medical, Engineering, Nursing, Social Sciences, CA, and BBA, which limns that whatever course one takes up, it depends on his/her diligence and ardor to help in succeeding in their career. Acknowledging one’s future aim, it will be a wise decision to choose the subject of his/her interest. 

Course and Curriculum
The curricula of NEB in grades eleven and twelve which were designed to suit worldwide as equivalent to high school degrees are the same curricula we have been using for more than two decades. Faculties like Science, Management, Education, Humanities, and Law have been offered in grades eleven and twelve. There is a wide range of subject choices in all streams.

If one wishes to work in the engineering or medical or IT sector, s/he has to pursue SCIENCE course which gives a wide range of opportunities to them if studied painstakingly. The science faculty is viable for the students who aim at becoming doctors or engineers that possibly opens the door of opportunities to ensure their career pursuits. Students can switch to any faculties for further studies upon completing plus two Science.

A student needs to score an overall 2.00 GPA minimum. In addition, C+ in Compulsory Science and Mathematics, and D+ in Nepali, English and Social Studies to join Science Stream.

Tentative Cost:
Without scholarship schemes, the fee varies from NPR. 100000.00 to 200,000.00 in grade eleven.

Further Studies:
 MBBS, Engineering, Information Technology, Electrical Engineering, Computer Engineering, Civil Engineering, Biotech, Biochemistry, and core subjects, etc., followed by post-graduate courses in the same disciplines.

Job Prospects and Remuneration:
After completing MBBS and some specialized courses, the doctor/physician salaries in Nepal range between 43,759 NPR (minimum salary) to 164,749 NPR per month (maximum salary). According to salaryexplorer.com, the average hourly wage (pay per hour) in Nepal for doctor/physician is 560 NPR. This means that the average person in Nepal earns approximately 560 NPR for every worked hour.

Upcoming acquiring qualification of Engineering course, an engineer can earn as much as NPR 40,000 to 100,000; however, it depends on what type of engineer s/he is. For instance, the average monthly salary of mechanical engineering is NPR 42,000. However, an IT engineer can earn up to NPR 150,000 per month, which depends on one’s working experience, caliber, and job office hours. 
Want to become an entrepreneur, manager, or banker? Then you ought to embark on the MANAGEMENT courses. Management faculty has its own distinctive features; it has its own importance. No institutions can go ahead without proper management, and managerial skills are required everywhere for everyone. It not only underpins the foundation of future managers but also prepares students to be effective and competitive managers, leaders, or entrepreneurs. The growing demand for human resources of management field is widely spread in all sectors. Management skills are a must to cope with problem-solving and thinking abilities required to meet the challenges prevalent in the global economy. It is the most popular discipline amid plus two students.

In order to pursue the management course, each SEE graduate must have secured 1.6 GPA that incorporates at least a D+ in English, Mathematics, Science, Nepali, and Social Studies.

Tentative Cost:
Without scholarship schemes, the fee varies from NPR 50000.000 to 150000.00 for grade eleven.

Further Studies:
BBA, BBS, and core subjects such as accounting, finance, business studies and other subjects, followed by post-graduate studies in the same disciplines.
Faculty of Management in TU offers different programs in management through its constituent and affiliated campuses throughout the country. Besides TU, management education is being offered by Kathmandu University (KU), Purbanchal University (PU), and Pokhara University (PU) in bachelor and master levels. Foreign-based universities and institutions have also entered the Nepalese market.

Job Prospects:
Banking, teaching, management, manager, managing director, CEO. In addition, management education has enormous prospects in Nepal due to the demand of management graduates in emerging sectors of the economy like tourism, water resource management, ever-growing nature of business organization and entry of multinational companies, and service sectors.

The salary of a CEO in Nepal ranges from NPR 585,000 to NPR 25.24 million per year. The CEO of Standard Chartered Bank in Nepal earns the highest amount whereas Nepal Bank Limited CEO earns the least among the chiefs of 27 commercial banks in Nepal (source: studentsnepal.com). 

In addition, maximum monthly salary of a banker in Nepal is as much as NPR 80,000 whereas the median salary of commercial and development bankers in Nepal is around 25, 250 Nrs; an average salary of bank staff is 30,250; and the minimum salary of a bank staff is 12,500-15,000 Nrs.

A full-time teacher of management faculty earns a tentative salary of 35000-50000 per shift in a month.

If you want to work in the education field as a teacher, then choose the EDUCATION faculty. It caters promotional teaching profession to the learners. It also prepares them to boost their career vis-à-vis teaching activities practically and scientifically. It is highly advised that this course is rewarding for those wishing to embrace the teaching profession as a head start of their career. 

Students aspiring to enroll in Education Faculty need to have GPA equal to the Management and Humanities Streams. The difference is that they need to obtain a D+ in Social Studies only.

Tentative Cost: 
Excluding scholarship schemes, the fee varies from NPR 40000.000 to 80000.00 for grade eleven.

Further Studies:
A ten-plus-two graduate of education faculty can pursue a higher course in bachelor's and master’s levels in the same discipline.

Job Prospects:
Mostly, students of education at bachelor's and master’s levels are prepared to become professional teachers. They have to go through a rigorous practice of teaching from the bachelor level in order to become a professionally acclaimed tutor. Moreover, this program basically focuses on the pedagogical knowledge and methodological skills required to teach a specific subject at the secondary level. However, there is a range of subject choices at the master’s level: English, Mathematics, Nepali, etc.

Salary of a secondary level teacher rages between NPR 38,636- NPR 48,172 (as per grade scale of teachers), according to the Nepal government teacher salary scale. However, the salary of the same level teachers may vary at private and community-funded schools. In addition, teachers who are teaching in bachelor's and master’s levels may receive higher salaries. 

If you want to serve the country being a journalist, politician, artist, litterateur, or social activist, the faculty of HUMANITIES is a catalyst. Humanities courses prepare students to develop their careers in media, art, law, politics, literature, and creative writing and enable them to compete in government and non-government level jobs. It offers a broad range of interesting and exciting programs, some of which have professional accreditation that makes them highly employable. It also allows students to explore how a range of services are organized, delivered, and designed to develop knowledge, skills, and understanding.

For those wishing to take up Humanities, 1.6 GPA is the minimum average grade, while they also need to have a D+ in English, Nepali, and Social Studies.

Tentative Cost:
For self-financing students, the cost of this faculty ranges between NPR 30000.00 to 70000.00 in grade eleven.
Further Studies: English, Nepali, Mathematics, Science, Health, Economics, Geography, Population, History, Political Science, Law, Sociology, Rural Development, etc. in bachelor's and master’s levels.

Job Prospects:
As www.study.com writes, there are as many as 25 prospective jobs that will be available for graduate and post-graduate students of the faculty of Humanities. Teacher, advertising sales agent, technical writer, artist, counselor, event organizer, public relations manager, travel agent, lawyer, editor, museum worker, interpreter, translator, genealogist, advertising manager, journalist, foreign correspondent, human resource specialist, linguist and so on. 

Remuneration of each categorized job holder can have lucrative salaries based on their qualification, experience, skills, and working hours. Their salary ranges from NPR 20,000 (minimum) - NPR 50,000. However, one may go earning up to NPR 70,000-80,000.


If you want to serve the country being a lawyer, or if you want to pursue your career in the law field, attaining the qualification of Law program will be your smartest decision. Gone are the days when a student would have to attain a bachelor's qualification before embarking on the law faculty. Now, NEB introduces the Law faculty to ten-plus-two level which has the same equivalency as other ten-plus-two programs, namely science, management, education, humanities. So, upon introducing the law faculty to SEE graduates, it will make them easier to enroll in bachelor level law program after attaining a qualification from the faculty of law in ten-plus-two level.
In recent days, as the prospects of law faculty are increasing significantly, a considerable number of schools/colleges in Kathmandu have introduced the faculty of Law to SEE graduates. 

A SEE graduate with 1.6 GPA and D+ in English, Nepali, and Social Studies can pursue this course.

Tentative Cost:
Without scholarship schemes, a self-financing student has to pay between NPR 50000.00 and 200000.00 in Kathmandu. 

Further Studies:
A plus-two law graduate student can pursue a higher course in law faculty at both bachelor's and master’s levels.

Job Prospects: 

The qualification of law program can facilitate a graduate with a wealth of opportunities in the law sector as a lawyer, advocate, entrepreneur, translator, authorized signatory of document endorsement, etc. In addition, the qualification is so flexible that each law graduate can explore a number of job opportunities in various sectors. 

As lawyers are highly regarded as genuine professionals in our society, the income from law business is really lucrative. Most lawyers can have their own law firms and earn up to Nrs. 100,000.00 per month based on their capacity and working modus operandi. 

In conclusion, prior to finalizing on faculty and subject choices, students ought to evaluate themselves whether or not they are capable of escalating their academic efficiency. Without knowing one’s priorities and gumption, if one decides on the faculty and subject, s/he is likely to come across dilemmatic turning points of their careers. Their career in every field is safe if they do their best. In addition, abstain from the advice that does not interest you—be it of your friends or parents. 

Unlike other courses—GCE A-Level, CBSE, IB, and CTEVT programs—NEB plus two program is the most preferable course amid SEE graduates. Needless to say, if Plus Two education was not introduced in Nepal, the large number of students would be deprived of getting an education since it is the most convenient way to acquire the education that helps each learner to explore career employability in a range of disciplines—Engineering, Medical, Nursing, Banking, Hospitality Management, and Tourism, to just mention a few.